From your phone's store, download an App to view the GPX tracks.

Some Apps, like Komoot and Wikiloc have a navigation function (upon payment).
Download the GPX track for your chosen trail.
Upload the GPX file on your App and follow the track* minding the CAI's signposts.
Always check the weather before your trip!
* GPX tracks are taken on recreational level and they are not tested.
close info
close info
WARNING: trekking is not like walking! If you can't overcome a passage, go back!
Some of the tracks presented here are set along mountain trails where some passages may require holding to ropes or climbing short ladders, and may have exposed passages without safety protections. These tracts can be a serious danger if faced without the right equipment, awareness and physical condition.
ITINERARIUM® has no responsibility regarding the tracks presented here, their dangerousness, accessibility, praticability and safety. Who decides to take these tracks does it at their own risk.

Hike to the historic trenches of the Cadorna Line and Forte di Bara

Along the military road, among tunnels and woods of Ornavasso

Piana del Toce - Val D'Ossola

share pinterest share copy share
Link copied to clipboard!
open info
length icon Length:
7.6 Km
time icon Our time:
3h00' walking
climb icon Total climb:
500 mt
height icon Min and max height:
195 mt - 440 mt
track ring icon Type of track:
ring track
surface icon Surface:
trails - tunnels
panorama icon Panorama:
trenches - woods - mountains
coverage icon Cell network coverage:
winter icon Traced in winter:
bike icon Traced by bike:

The itinerary starts from Punta di Migiandone, also called “Muntagnet” (little mountain, in dialect), where some pieces of artillery introduce the history of Cadorna Line. This here is the narrowest point of Toce’s plain: just 700 meters divide the Muntagnet’s peak from the high Corni del Nibbio of Val Grande, making this place a strategic point for the creation of a massive military work. The Cadorna Line was the Italian defensive system on the northern border towards Switzerland. Its building started in 1899 and was strengthened during the First World War. It’s made up of 72 kilometers of trenches and hundreds of kilometers of roads and mule tracks, covering a very large territory from Ossola to Bergamo’s Alps.
The feared invasion of Central Powers through Switzerland never happened and the Cadorna Line was never a war theater, so much that today the massive effort of many men and soldiers that took part in its building can still be seen intact.
Thanks to Gruppo Alpini di Ornavasso, in 1985, the mule track, the walkways and the gun emplacements were restored, making this work, which reaches Forte di Bara trench after trench, mostly intact, available and visitable. The fort had warehouses and small lay-bys that could shelter troops, vehicles and weapons, plus a small chapel.
From this point the itinerary proceeds through the woods reaching the pastures of Alpe Villa, then going downwards to Gabbio and back upwards to the Sanctuary of Madonna di Oropa of Migiandone. According to tradition the sanctuary was built in 1820 by Gaspare Bessero, to thank Virgin Mary for the recovery of a gold vein.

go to map
go to the map
With your purchase you support ITINERARIUM's project, which will keep telling about our territory, its beauties, its history and its curiosities, always keeping all of the information free for everyone!
Zoom on track zoom track
START (parking)